Read e-book online A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary PDF
By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This e-book is a whole reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken via approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self sustaining Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect offered within the publication is the Northern Qiang type spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This ebook, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of decades of labor at the language, and is as typologically complete as attainable. It comprises not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological evaluation, numerous totally analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated thesaurus. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and established marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is sort of complicated, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus advanced consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a suite of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Additional info for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
G. h. i. j. Ù˙ﬁp m˙ziq-p˙ ji-såq qhåq ˚t˚åq-lu ®uaq ÆHan personﬂ Ætalk in sleepﬂ Æfingerﬂ [hand-section] Æbitterﬂ Æthink of, wantﬂ Ælightﬂ < Ù˙ﬁ < m˙zi < så < qhå < ˚t˚i < ®ue ÆHan personﬂ Æsleepﬂ Æsection, jointﬂ Æbitterﬂ Æheartﬂ Æbrightﬂ There may even be related sets that have the same root but differ in terms of the finals, such as /liaq/ Æpenisﬂ and /lie®/ Æsperm, semenﬂ, though I do not have enough evidence to be sure of this sort of connection. Some nouns, particularly the names of some birds, are iconic with the sound the bird makes: /gug‘u/ Æpigeonﬂ, /kuput/ Æcuckoo birdﬂ, /˚t˚i˚t˚åq/ Æmagpieﬂ.
11) a. ep-ew father-mother Æparentsﬂ b. brother Æbrothersﬂ Lexicalized deverbal nouns are formed using one of two types of marking. 12) a. b. c. d. 13) a. pies + qhua Æcutﬂ + -s piesqhuas Æclothingﬂ + jeji Æsewﬂ + -s b. få fåjejis + bie Æcarryﬂ + -s c. t˚ymi Æchildﬂ t˚ymi bies Æmeatﬂ > Æchopping knifeﬂ > Æneedle & threadﬂ > Æbaby strapﬂ The nominalizing suffix /-m/ (< /mi/ Æmanﬂ) is added to a verb or noun + verb combination to form an agentive noun (this term from Comrie & Thompson 1985), that is, one which refers to an animate being, generally a person (Æone who .
2). This r-coloring is often lost in rapid speech, and it seems that it is being lost completely among the younger people, as there is variation and uncertainty about its use. The r-coloring also often appears on words followed by the expression meaning Æallﬂ. This meaning is variously expressed as [wu], [le-wu], [©le-wu], [leﬁwu], [-eﬁwu], and [-ﬁwu]. 3) a. b. c. d. 3). Following are some examples of contrasting r-colored and non-r-colored vowels, and long and short r-colored vowels. 4. 3. 1) has affected the syllable canon, which is given in Figure 1: (C) (Ci) (V) V (V) (C) (C f) [fric] [glide] [glide][fric] Figure 1.
A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library) by Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang