New PDF release: A Theory of Nonviolent Action
By Stellan Vinthagen
The U.S. civil rights circulate, anti-apartheid protestors in South Africa, and Gandhi’s fight for Indian freedom are all strong illustrations of nonviolent motion that successfully caused switch. In A conception of Nonviolent motion, Stellan Vinthagen attracts on those examples in addition to a wealthy choice of different old social occasions that symbolize nonviolence routine that mixed resistance and confident change.
With this groundbreaking e-book, Vinthagen presents the 1st significant systematic try and advance a idea of nonviolent motion in a long time, making this crucial examining for somebody keen on the research of nonviolence routine.
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Additional info for A Theory of Nonviolent Action
Citicorp’s Global Telecommunications Network, the largest private system in the world, by the late 1980s linked offices in ninety-four nations, transmitted 800,000 calls each month, and supported $200 billion in daily foreign-exchange trades. S. S. S. 27 Financial network applications harbored further profound politicaleconomic consequences. 29 As economic historian Richard B. DuBoff stresses,30 indeed, finance helped pioneer globalized capital circuits. Economy-Wide Network Investment Despite the role assumed by finance, however, information technology investments were never confined to this single sector.
Seeking maximum cost efficiency, they simultaneously contract to lease services from outside vendors, while also relying both on their own facilities and on network components owned by customers and installed on their premises. S. market for these network management services was estimated at $27 billion in 1997, with further spirited growth projected. The increasing significance of system integrators offers evidence of an underlying shift in market orientation that I have already sketched. Carriers are unmistakably focused less on providing basic services to residential users and more on assembling and managing the specialized network capabilities demanded by sophisticated corporate users—including, preeminently, intranets.
S. S. S. 47 Such statistics, of course, take no account of the transnationalization of corporate production and the attendant corporate investment in network gear outside national borders. Both in absolute terms and as a proportion of total corporate capital investment, network applications occasioned a spectacular increase in capital expenditures that showed no signs of letting up. Two points about this trend stand out. First, in keeping with the transnational structure of corporate capitalism, information technology investments were accelerating worldwide.
A Theory of Nonviolent Action by Stellan Vinthagen