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By Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council
This publication examines strength applied sciences for exchanging antipersonnel landmines through 2006, the U.S. aim date for signing a global treaty banning those guns. substitute applied sciences to switch Antipersonnel Landmines emphasizes the position that know-how can play to permit sure guns for use extra selectively, lowering the chance to uninvolved civilians whereas enhancing the effectiveness of the U.S. army. Landmines are a massive weapon within the U.S. military's arsenal however the chronic type could cause accidental casualties, to either civilians and pleasant forces. New applied sciences may perhaps change a few, yet now not all, of the U.S. military's antipersonnel landmines through 2006. within the interval following 2006, rising applied sciences may possibly get rid of the landmine completely, whereas protecting the mandatory functionalities that modern day mines offer to the army.
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Additional resources for Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines
The moratorium was extended to four years in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 and to five years in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 1996. On January 17, 1997, President Clinton announced that the United States would permanently ban the export and transfer of APL (White House, 1997a). Mine Clearance and Assistance to Victims Since 1988, the United States has been assisting countries affected by landmines in several ways: promoting awareness (educating people about the dangers of landmines and what to do when they are found); actively searching for mines and clearing minefields; and providing assistance to victims.
Even though the Statement of Task did not require the committee to consider the Ottawa Convention, the committee concluded that this study would not have been empanelled were it not for the Ottawa Convention and attendant humanitarian concerns. The committee believed the major reasons for seeking alternatives to APL are humanitarian concerns, compliance with the Ottawa Convention, and enhanced military effectiveness. 2 SOURCE: DOD, 2000. NOTE: Figures are from the president’s FY01 Budget Submission.
Defense strategy between now and 2015 will be shaping the international security environment, responding to the full spectrum of crises, as required, and preparing now for an uncertain future (DOD, 1999). S. scientific and technological superiority, the secretary of defense stated: A National Security Strategy for a New Century Every year, as required by law, the president issues a national security strategy defining the United States’ vital national interests and how they should be protected. In December 1999, President Clinton issued his annual update, A National Security Strategy for a New Century, which describes anticipated threats to the United States.
Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines by Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council